Explore basic information and resources on mental health medications, including antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, stimulants, antipsychotics, and mood. Antipsychotic drugs and the newer ones are called “atypi-cal” or “second-generation” antipsychotic drugs. First-generation antipsychotic drugs are now used. And indirect comparisons of antipsychotic drugs (ie, how two or more drugs compare with a common comparator). We followed the same approach as was used in two. Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs Used to Treat Schizophrenia. How do you chose the right antipsychotic for schizophrenia?
Antipsychotic medication. About this leaflet. This leaflet may be helpful if: you have been prescribed antipsychotic. It includes: What are antipsychotic medications? How are they supposed to help? How do they work? What kinds of antipsychotic medication are there?
What are the possible side- effects? How long should it be taken for? How do I stop taking it? What alternatives are there? What are antipsychotic medications? They are a range of medications that are used.
Typical Antipsychotic Drugs Pdf
They can also be used to help severe. What can they help with? The experience of hearing. Ideas that distress you and.
Antipsychotic drugs available in the UK, their side effects and their effect on dementia patients. This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology.
Difficulty in thinking. The extreme mood swings of. Some can help with severe depression. How do they work? They all affect the action of a number of.
Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter. It is involved in how we feel: that something is significant, important or. It is also involved in the control of muscle. If parts of the dopamine system become. Although these medications were known as. The basic aim is to help you feel better.
However, high doses. They can be used. What kinds of antipsychotic medication are. For the past 1. 0 years or so doctors have.
Even so, individuals react differently to them. We cannot predict how well a. These older drugs are often called.
They all block the. Side- effects include: stiffness and shakiness, like Parkinson’s.
If you have any of these symptoms, you. It should usually be reduced until. If you do need a higher dose to stay. Parkinson's disease. Orphenadrine and.
Procyclidine are the two most commonly used anticholinergics in the. UK. A longer- term problem is tardive dyskinesia.
TD for short) – continual movements of the mouth, tongue and. They still. block dopamine, but much less so than the older drugs. They also. work on different chemical messengers in the brain (such as. This is misleading - they have many of the same. The newer antipsychotics are also being used to help treat some. There is growing evidence that this can be.
Your psychiatrist. Side- effects. Sleepiness and slowness.
Weight gain. Interference with your sex life. Increased chance of developing diabetes. Some can affect your blood pressure and make you feel.
In high doses, some have the same. Parkinsonian side- effects as the older medications (stiffness of. Long- term use can produce movements of the. Compared to the older drugs they seem: less likely to cause Parkinsonian side- effects (see above)less likely to produce tardive dyskinesia. They may also help 'negative symptoms' (poor. It also seems to reduce suicidal feelings in people. It has many of the same side- effects as other.
It is different in that it seems to have very. Although it. does tend to make you drowsy, some people are prepared to put up.
It also does not seem to produce the. Side- effects. The main drawback is that it can affect your. This makes you. vulnerable to infection. If this happens, the medication is stopped. So, if you take. Clozapine you will need weekly blood tests for the first 6 months. It can also cause weight.
These problems mean that Clozapine is usually. It is a difficult drug to monitor and can be difficult to. It. releases the medication slowly over this time. The effects are. generally the same as medications taken by mouth. What's good about having a depot.
Unlike tablets, you only have to think about. As there is someone else to remind you, it can. What's bad about having depot. Nobody likes having injections – even though the pain is slight. It takes a long time to know the effect of changing the dose.
There is usually no- one. The first injection is usually a small dose of the medication.
If there are no problems then, a week or so later, you can. After each injection, the medicine will stay in your body for. The interval between injections is. Where can you have the injections. You can usually decide yourself where to have.
This might be: at your local GPs' surgeryat a community mental health centreat a special out- patient clinicat your home, when a nurse visits you. Some common depot. Depot. injections. Trade. name. Normal 2- weekly dose. Usual. max. Interval.
Haloperidol decanoate. Haldol. 50. 30. 04 weeks. Flupenthixol decanoate. Depixol. 40. 40. 02 weeks. Fluphenazine decanoate. Modecate. 12. 5. 10. Pipothiazine palmitate.
Piportil. 50. 20. Zuclopenthixol decanoate. Clopixol. 20. 06. Newer. Trade. name. Normal 2- weekly dose. Usual. often. Risperidone.
Risperdal Consta. There is work in progress to make new depot.
How well does medication work? About 4 in 5 people get help from them. They control the. You have to go on taking the. Even if the medication helps, the symptoms may come back. This. is much less likely to happen if you carry on taking medication.
How long should I take an antipsychotic. This depends on a number of factors.
Schizophrenia. If you have had just one episode of. So you may well not. For most people with schizophrenia, the.
Some things. to consider are: You may find that antipsychotic medication takes your symptoms. It's more likely that they will just make the. As with any medication, you have to balance the help you get. For many people the symptoms seem to come and go for no obvious. If you have had more than one period of psychotic symptoms and. There is evidence that if major long- term problems are going to.
So your. doctor may feel that it is important to use medication to try and. Bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorders will almost always return. What happens if I stop antipsychotic. The symptoms will usually come back - not.
How do I stop taking it? If you decide you want to stop taking an. You and the. psychiatrist may disagree about this, but there is a way that can.
You can: make a list of feelings/thoughts/behaviours that might warn you. The pattern of symptoms is often. Antipsychotics are not addictive, but your body does get used to.
If you decide to stop. This means that your symptoms are not likely.
If they do start to get worse again, you can. If you do stop medication completely, keep in touch with your. What alternatives are there? The evidence is very clear that nothing else. Other ways of helping will usually be added. These. include: This is a talking treatment which can be helpful if you have. It can help you to control them and.
The purpose is to help. Professionals will meet with the whole family. The aims are: to reduce tensions between the person with a psychiatric.
We know that these tensions can make it more likely that the. People who have. similar experiences of hearing voices get together to discuss their. Not all of these are available in all areas. Which antipsychotic is right for me?
There are no antipsychotics that are clearly 'better' than any. Clozapine is more effective, but has potentially dangerous. NICE guidelines (England and Wales) suggest that one of the. The best thing is to weigh up the benefits and risks of the.
Write down the things. For a full list of side effects please visitemc.
Search for: '. section at the top of the page. Further help. Hearing Voices. Network. Mind and Mind Cymru.
Mindinfoline: 0. 84. A national mental health helpline offering emotional support. References. This leaflet reflects the best available evidence at the time or. This factsheet was produced by the Royal College of. Psychiatrists' Public Education Editorial Board . Series Editor: Dr Philip Timms. Expert Review: Dr Michael Lacey.
Patient and carer input: members of the Public Education. Editorial Board. Due for review: January 2.
This factsheet may be downloaded. RCPsych is properly credited and no profit is gained from its.
Permission to reproduce it in any other way must be obtained. Telephone: 0. 20 3. Charity registration number (England and.
Wales) 2. 28. 63. Scotland SC0. 38. Please note that we are unable to offer advice on individual cases. Please see our. FAQ for.